Despite the popular opinion that old age brings disease, no matter what, it is possible to maintain good health by following standard guidelines. These guidelines include a healthy diet, particularly in regards to protein levels, regular check-ups, exercise, treatment of basic risk factors, and focusing on personal safety.
The risk of strokes and heart attack attacks is decreased with the treatment of high cholesterol and hypertension and by quitting smoking and controlling diabetes.
Nutrition is important in the whole life. The risk of poor nutrition increases with age because many problems like chronic diseases such as emphysema and heart failure, financial issues, social isolation, and inability to prepare foods can happen.
Regular physical exercises can help a person to maintain a healthy life and physical independence in older age. Physical activities that help to maintain good health are swimming, walking, resistive exercises, yoga, and Tai chi.
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Regular physical activities also a source to prevent people from many age-related disorders like Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cataracts, cancer, arthritis, atherosclerosis, and hypertension.
Peter Edholm in a research project at Örebro University has studied the effects of exercise, diet, and training on older women. The thesis results show a distinct connection between highly physical activity and good exercise habits in older women.
A healthy diet keeps a body strong, increases the energy level, and sharps the mind. So vegetables, fruits, whole grains, dairy products, and protein should be included in a regular diet.
A healthy diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids makes an older woman more strong and healthy. Peter Edholm’s research conclusively shows that exercise in middle age is linked to healthy and strong aging. It also keeps women away from many age-related disorders.
He explains, “That applies regardless of your exercising habits earlier in life, which supports the adage it’s never too late to start working out. This is the opposite of what usually is presented in the media today. Therefore, the focus should be on increasing the length of physical activity, such as brisk walks, rather than reducing the time that you’re sitting still,” explains Peter Edholm.
Women who are more active at a younger age have bigger muscle and higher physical capacity even in older age. The physical activity in earlier life also benefits people in their later life even if they become inactive in older age. The research also indicates the impacts of exercise on the women who are between the ages of fifty to sixty-five. People who exercise at this age, live a life without any health problem.
Peter Edholm’s research also shows that exercise, combined with a healthy diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, produces a more significant effect. Both in regards to explosive muscle strength, physical function, and the ability to build muscle mass.
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Good nutrition is necessary for a healthy life particularly in postmenopausal women, the bones lose mineral content as they are older.
Postmenopausal women need to increase calcium and nutrient D intake to help prevent osteoporosis and many age-related disorders. Osteoporosis is a bone disease where the bone mineral thickness is decreased, leading to a high risk of bone fracture. Sufficient intake of calcium and nutrient D have been appeared to enormously reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis sometimes in older age.
In this research, he says that older women should do exercise two times a week. Excercise proves more beneficial with a healthy diet. So, both excercise and healthy diet are important in older age.