Inhaling Nicotine is Directly Linked With Pulmonary Hypertension

Inhaling nicotine leaves adverse effects on human health. For a start, it raises the pulse and blood pressure (hypertension) and narrows the supply routes. Also, hardening the walls of arteries can cause heart failure or stroke in the future.

A new study published in the journal Hypertension finds that inhaling nicotine alone increases blood pressure (hypertension) in the general circulation of the body as well as in the lungs that can prompt pulmonary hypertension.

In this study, the researchers also found that nicotine-induced pulmonary hypertension is joined by changes in the size, shape, and functioning of the right lower chamber of the heart and the blood vessels in the lungs.

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The most significant risk factor that causes lung and cardiovascular diseases are cigarette smoking, the nicotine role in developing lung and cardiovascular diseases has not been surely known.

The researchers recorded that inhalation of nicotine increases diastolic blood pressure and systemic systolic. A Ph.D., Professor of Pharmacology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, Eric Lazartigues tells that this increase was transient, however, it was adequately long to present potential health risks in people with previous cardiopulmonary conditions.

The scientists associate Pulmonary hypertension with the remodeling of the lung blood vessels. This study suggests that chronic inhalation of nicotine prompts muscularization of previously non-muscular pulmonary arterioles consistent with increased pulmonary vascular resistance and right ventricular systolic pressure.

The major reason behind the death in pulmonary hypertension is the Right ventricle failure. The specialists found a 56 days exposure to nicotine caused higher right ventricular systolic pressure as well as enlargement of the right ventricle.

 Xinping Yue is an Assistant Professor of Physiology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine. In this study, she tells that the adverse effects of nicotine are mainly severed to the right heart, as the researchers found no noteworthy changes in protein expression or left heart remodeling.

A 2016 study shows that cigarette smoke weakens the functioning of the immune system. The researchers found that even social or incidental smoking can cause significant harm to a person’s body, prompting issues like hypertension and high blood pressure. The results of the Surgeon General’s 2014 report shows, there is convincing proof that smoking is associated with a higher risk of respiratory viral infection.

A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that the main cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States is tobacco use. The 2018 data shows there were more than thirty million US adults smoke cigarettes. Every day, around two thousand adults in the United States, smoke their first cigarette, and more than three hundred starts smoking daily

More than 16 million individuals live with a disease that caused in them due to smoking and more than fifty million nonsmoking Americans are exposed to used smoke. Three years before, it was reported that 25% of youth of Louisiana high school currently utilizing any tobacco item, including e-cigarettes, and 12.3 % are smoking cigarettes among Louisiana secondary school youth.

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An Associate Professor of Physiology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, Jason Gardner says, “There is a frightening trend of increasing usage of e-cigs and vape products in youths and young adults. Recent high-profile cases of hospitalization and death following e-cig usage necessitate a greater understanding regarding the health impact of inhaled nicotine delivery systems.”

The present study clearly shows the adverse effects of nicotine inhalation on pulmonary blood pressure, systematic blood pressure, and cardiac remodeling.

She further said, “This study should help raise the awareness of the adversative effects of nicotine inhalation on the cardiopulmonary system and help formulate public health policies on e-cigarettes.”




70% of Prisoners in Federal Jails Diagnosed with COVID-19

COVID-19 cases have reached toUS prisons too and approximately 1500 prisoners are reported positive. Three hundred staff members of the Bureau of Prisons are also tested positive for coronavirus. While thirty prisoners have lost their lives to this deadly virus.

A report on coronavirus in jails tells that more than 70 percent of prisoners of federal jail were screened for coronavirus and many of them are diagnosed positive. The Bureau of Prisons indicates that 2700 inmates were tested across the nation, almost two thousand have come back positive and it strongly suggests that there are several prisoners with COVID-19 who are not currently reported.

The reaction from the government Bureau of Prisons to the increasing coronavirus emergency in prisons has raised caution among supporters and administrators about whether the agency is doing what’s needed to guarantee the security of the almost 150,000 inmates spending time in jail in federal facilities.

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And even though officials have stressed infection and death rates inside prisons are lower compared with outside, the new figures provided by the Bureau of Prisons suggest the worst is so far to come.

In FCI Butner, North Carolina, more than two hundred inmates have tested positive while six have died.USP Lompoc, which suffered the first coronavirus prison outbreak of the country, as of now the COVID-19 cases are increased to 83 with the one registered death.

Prisons authorities state that they are doing as well as can be expected under critical conditions and following rules set by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A senior adviser at the Bureau of Prisons who previously ran the agency twice, Kathy Hawk Sawyer says, “We are doing the right things to manage our population and to keep them as safe as possible at this time when we can’t provide that assurance to our average American free public that everyone is safe and secure right now with this pandemic.”

Congresswoman Nanette Diaz Barragan wrote on Twitter that this isn’t worthy. They are not ensuring these inmates are secured. It’s the government’s responsibility to ensure individuals in its consideration, including prisoners. Being imprisoned at #TerminalIsland ought not to be a death sentence. They want answers.

Jails authorities have daily calls with CDC officials. As a major aspect of the plan to slow the spread of the coronavirus, authorities have constrained prisoner movement, set up tents to expand bed space, isolated them at some prisons, and distinguished others for possible home imprisonment.

The medical director of the bureau, Dr. Jeffrey Allen says that The Justice Department got twenty ventilators for use at emergency clinics housing federal prisoners.

Allen says that more than five thousand kits are provided to the Bureau of Prisons and now twenty rapid testing machines are sent problem area prisons to increase testing numbers. The testing was according to the current guidance of the CDC and the officials are working daily to find new methodologies to slow the spread of the COVID-19.

He said, “A lot is yet unknown about how to limit its transmission in a correctional environment, and that’s why we’re collaborating with the CDC to try to identify that sort of data that can inform our management strategies going forward.”

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An attorney-in-charge of the Federal Defenders of New York in Brooklyn says that they are not testing anybody. About 350 staff individuals have tested positive, with no recorded fatalities. FCI Elkton as of now has the most noteworthy staff sickness rate of more than forty positive cases.

The union officials inform that in prisons the shortage is still very severe and most of the time officers work for 24 hours in a row. Officers are worried because the protective equipment they are getting is not sufficient to protect them from daily contact with inmates, particularly at facilities where several have tested positive.

But Hawk Sawyer says “ We are creating and making the masks for the staff, as well as the shields and hand sanitizer and all kinds of things.”


Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) in Diabetic Patients has Declined in Last 20 Years

A new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism finds that the risk of cardiovascular diseases; heart attack and stroke has decreased in the previous 20 years, narrowing the gap between the cardiovascular mortality rates in the diabetic people as well as in the people without diabetes.

The International Diabetes Federation reported that more than 400 million individuals have diabetes in the whole world. Also, the World Health Organization (WHO) found that the risk of cardiovascular diseases; heart attack and stroke is more in diabetic patients as compared to those who do not have the condition.

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The senior author, Timothy M.E. Davis, F.R.A.C.P, of the University of Western Australia and Fremantle Hospital in Fremantle, Australia tells that in this study, the researchers have found that the risk of cardiovascular diseases is declined in the diabetic people in last 20 years. While they have seen enhancements in cardiovascular disease results in the general population during a similar timespan, the gains in people with diabetes outpaced everybody during that timeframe.

The World Health Organization defines cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), a group of disorders of the blood vessels and heart and they include rheumatic heart disease, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and peripheral arterial disease.

Study in detail here.

Strokes and heart attacks are generally acute events that are caused by a blockage that prevents blood flow to the heart or brain. Strokes can also happen due to bleeding from blood clots or a brain blood vessel. The causes of cardiovascular diseases; stroke and heart are usually due to several combinations of risk factors including physical inactivity, diabetes, harmful use of alcohol, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, tobacco use, and obesity.

The data is analyzed by the researchers from two phases of 15 years separated, the Fremantle Diabetes Study. The first phase of the study was from 1993 to 2001 while the second phase of the study was from 2008 to 2016. The researchers compared the data of both phases. 

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In the first phase, they took the data of more than one thousand diabetic people and compared the outcomes with more than five thousand individuals without the condition. Similarly, in the second phase, they took the data of more than five thousand diabetic people and compared outcomes with the data of more than six thousand people without the condition.

In this study, the database is used from the death records and hospital records for Western Australia to know the cardiovascular complications and the deaths among the participants of the study.

study shows that circulatory disorders related to diabetes are peripheral arterial disease, coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiomyopathy, stroke, and congestive heart failure. Diabetes usually results in early death from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

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In the second phase of Fremantle Diabetes Study’s, the diabetic people were less likely to experience a cardiovascular disease; heart attack or stroke, be hospitalized for a lower limit amputation, or be hospitalized for heart attack than their counterparts in the primary

Devis tells that outlook for individuals with diabetes is significantly improving in the developed nations. The researchers stay worried that the death rate from all causes among individuals with diabetes is worse than everyone. The trend shows despite everything, researchers need to monitor conditions like dementia and cancer that may turn into an issue for individuals with diabetes further down the road.


How to Make Your Own Face Mask at Home?

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends everyone wear a face mask while going out of the home to doctor, grocery shop, or any other public place where it is hard to follow social distancing rules.

Now, everyone knows a lot about the novel COVID-19 already. They know its causes and the modes of its spread. It is also important to know what preventive measures should be taken to stop its spread.

Mostly this virus moves around the globe through person to person contact. This is an upper respiratory virus that lives in the fluids of mouth, nose, and eyes and mucus. So a COVID-19 infected person can transmit it through a sneeze, cough, or even through breathing normally. That’s why social distancing is recommended by health experts.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently recommended wearing face mask while going out of the home to any public place. But the world is facing a shortage of masks due to its high demand. That’s the reason CDC currently recommends making a cloth mask.

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Mike Bell is the deputy director of the CDC’s Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, who says that a simple cloth mask is an approach to contain respiratory secretions directly at the source and not put others in danger.

The CDC has posted all the recommendations to make your own face mask and Bell has summarized these recommendations. He says instead of using one layer dense fabric, use a lighter fabric similar to cotton. Even, it can be a handkerchief. Take fabric to make a mask that can be washed and dried easily because this is the best way to sanitize the mask.

CDC recommends washing it daily but experts say that it’s fine to wash it after using two to three times but wash it immediately after interacting with someone who is symptomatic. There is no additional advantage the CDC can find to include filters such as coffee filters to an essential textile mask.

Bell says, “For a filter to be effective, you have to breathe through it. As you layer up filters into a cloth mask, which may have gaps on each side of your face, you’re not going to be able to breathe through it, so you’ll be breathing around it and sucking air from the side.”

Make a mask that is comfortable to wear at least for forty minutes or through you can breathe easily. Before making a mask, remember that the main purpose of it to keep your respiratory secretions from spreading into the environment around you.

Don’t make anything that may harm you. Also don’t strap mask onto small kids who might unable to take them off when they are experiencing difficulty while breathing.

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There are also some other good and bad approaches to wear a face mask. The CDC says to make a mask that covers your nose and mouth completely. If you haven’t need big gaps on the side then make sure it fits close to the side of your face. Bell says, “What you are trying to do is catch spit and spray before it leaves your face and mouth. The mask catches the droplet before they fly out,”

The executive show director for the American Quilter’s Society, Bonnie Browning offers a couple of different tips. He says always take off the mask with the help of ties or elastic but not the front of the mask. After using, wash it in hot water.

Always prefer rubber bands or other elastic when you make a cloth mask. Wearing a mask not prevents you from getting the infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends you wear a mask to keep individuals’ germs from being spread to other people. Don’t stop following COVID-19 social distancing rules when wearing a mask.




This Breast Cancer Medication Might Treat Prostate Cancer As Well

A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine finds that Olaparib, a pill which is a part of chemotherapy, can focus on an Achilles heel in prostate tumors with a weakness in their ability to fix damaged DNA. Right now, it is very close to getting an approval as the principal genetically targeted treatment for prostate cancer.

This medicine is a type of treatment known as PARP inhibitor which particularly targets cancer cells with damaged DNA and is more effective against prostate cancer than the advanced targeted hormone treatments like enzalutamide and abiraterone. It blocks prostate cancer growth. The present study is funded by AstraZeneca.

The researchers from The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, and Northwestern University in Chicago, US, with colleagues from all around the globe studied more than three hundred men with advanced prostate cancer. They had alterations in at least one of 15 DNA repair genes. The specialists found that olaparib drugs can significantly delay disease progression in men with defective DNA repair genes.

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Olaparib appeared most effective in men with prostate cancer who had defective BRCA1, BRCA2, or ATM genes and in those who had alterations in any other twelve pre-selected DNA repair genes. Researchers are much excited because olaparib is more effective in men with DNA repair alterations as compared to enzalutamide and abiraterone.

In the past, olaparib was associated with the most common adverse effects, nausea, and anemia but this study shows that olaparib is a very tolerated treatment and is more useful for patients than chemotherapy.

Researchers are currently planning to see olaparib accessible on the NHS for patients with prostate cancer and defective DNA repair genes in the following two years. After this, they will look at olaparib for some other treatments with the point of improving results much further.

Johann de Bono is study co-leader, a Professor of Experimental Cancer Medicine at The Institute of Cancer Research, London, and Consultant Medical Oncologist at The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust tells that olaparib, a medication that is already proved effective against ovarian and breast cancer currently showing clear advantages in prostate cancer as well. He is hardly waiting to see this medication begin reaching men who could benefit by bit on the NHS in the following years.

After this, researchers will assess how they can combine this medication with other treatments that could assist men with prostate malignant growth and defective DNA repair genes live much more.

Peter Isard, is a patient at The Royal Marsden who went on hormone therapy and chemotherapy after diagnosis. After half a year of finishing chemotherapy, his PSA was high. Doctors told him his chance of living for a long time is very low. After this, he was shifted to The Royal Marsden where Prof de Bono found that he had a genetic mutation that would make him appropriate for an olaparib trial.

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The patient said, “ I’ve been on the drug for almost two years now. I had a number of tumors in my lymph nodes, but now there is the only one that is visible and I feel incredibly lucky not to have experienced any side-effects whatsoever.”

In this study, the Chief Executive of The Institute of Cancer Research, London, Professor Paul Workman says that this treatment effectively hit an Achilles heel in men with advanced prostate cancer. These milestone discoveries imply that olaparib is presently set to turn into the first-ever genetically targeted drug for the disease.


Researchers Explain Effects of Hugs and Kisses on a Relationship

Researchers find that hugging, holding hands, snuggling, and kissing produce something more than just magical moments. They can help to lose weight, boost health, low blood pressure, fight off disease, and many more.

A new study led by a student of the Binghamton University, published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships especially takes a look at the impacts of non-sexual intimate touch like holding hands and hugging instead of the actions lead to sex.

Attachment style alludes to human social bonds and exists on a range that avoidant people favor increasingly relational separation, while anxious people look for more noteworthy closeness. This style develops in adolescence, yet it can change after some time and differ with the person being referred to.

Samantha Wagner is a doctoral student in psychology at Binghamton University. In this study, she says that everything relies upon how a person feels open, close, and secure with an individual who is affected by numerous factors.

In this study, researchers analyzed more than 180 couples that were consisted of husbands and wives while the researchers excluded same-sex couples. Because the investigation protocol included hormonal sampling while the people who were on hormonal therapy, pregnant, breastfeeding mothers, and postmenopausal were also barred.

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The researchers took their interviews separately and asked them about their routine love and amount of touch in a relationship. Also, they were questioned about their relationship satisfaction.

They find that avoidant people favored less touch and anxious people prefer more touch in a relationship. What they discovered was more nuanced.

Even the partners with avoidant attachment styles were more satisfied with their partner’s touch because of more routine love in them. The anxious husbands were not satisfied with the touch they got with low levels of physical love while the anxious wives were satisfied, who may rather decide to request the missing affection.

For men, more significant levels of routine love are related to a satisfying relationship means touch is essential for relationship satisfaction. For women, the absence of touch is correlated with relationship dissatisfaction. So, the presence of touch is positive and the absence of touch is negative.

Wagner stressed that the study is mainly focused on healthy and consensual touch, not on abuse or manipulation. She pointed out that touch holds various implications for individuals; somebody with an autism spectrum disorder might be overpowered by tactile sensitivity while somebody with a history of trauma might encounter touch as loath.

Wagner, by her confirmation, a hugger and has for some time been captivated by the mending prospects of touch. She wrote a thesis as a subjective survey of the advantages and uses of touch over the life expectancy. But questions kept on emerging; Why do a few people appreciate or enjoy touch more than others?

As the coronavirus pandemic proceeds, couples might need to consider adding more love to lessen the stress as long as their partners are responsive and willing.

Wagner said, “Feel free to give some extra snugs on the couch. There’s plenty of evidence that suggests touch as a way to decrease stress.”

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She also noticed that that the coronavirus pandemic may prompt touch deprivation as social distancing keeps people apart from each other. Consider an example of healthcare workers. When they return home they stay away from their family members to keep them safe and quarantine themselves from their loved ones.

Here Wagner advises people, “I think we should all hold the loved ones we can a little closer and be thoughtful of the struggles that others might be having because they can’t do just that. If anything is true for me, a hug has become even more precious than it was before.”



A Spray that Prevents the Surfaces from Coronavirus for 90 Days

One of the best approaches to fight against the spread of the COVID-19 is to sanitize the surfaces that are highly contacted. Around the globe, the disinfection of frequently used places including mosques, markets, kindergartens, lift buttons, handrails, buildings of the state capital, and public roads can help to kill germs and finish COVID-19 from the whole world.

Professor Joseph Kwan  is a researcher who shares that; “These places are frequently touched, and, at the same time, serve as a very effective medium for the transmission of diseases.”

The coronavirus has spread to several countries since it emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. More than two million people have been infected with COVID-19 and more than 0.2 million deaths have happened around the whole world.

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Most of the COVID-19 cases are mild and need no treatment but it spreads rapidly. The spread of COVID-19 can be prevented by keeping good hygiene, washing hands for at least twenty seconds, covering the nose and mouth while coughing, and by keeping a social distance.

These measures work because tiny droplets from sneezing and coughing of COVID-19 infected persons can spread the virus as far as three to six feet or one to two meters.

 Scientists have developed an antiviral coating that can protect surfaces from coronavirus for ninety days. 

The researchers at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) say that the coating is known as MAP-1 which has been developed in ten years and can be sprayed on the frequently used public surfaces like lift buttons, and handrails to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

An adjunct professor at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Joseph Kwan says,

“These places are frequently touched, and, at the same time, serve as a very effective medium for the transmission of diseases,”

The spray-on coating is made from several disinfectants containing nano-capsules which is effective against viruses, bacteria, and spores even after it has dried.

The efficacy of MAP-1 is expanded by heat-sensitive polymers that encapsulate and release disinfectants on human contact as compared to commonly used disinfectants like alcohol or bleach. Researchers say that this antiviral coating is non-toxic and safe for skin and environment.

MAP-1 was approved for mass consumer and official use two months before after testing it at the care home and a Hong Kong hospital. This antiviral coating will be sold in Hong Kong shops from next month. It has also been sprayed around many homes of low-income families in the city. 

An infection-prevention epidemiologist, Saskia Popescu says,

“I would rather see better efforts to make sure people are disinfecting emergency rooms and high-touch surfaces in hospitals and schools more than I would want to see bleach being sprayed on streets.”

A mother-of-two living in a 110sq ft “coffin” home, Law Ha-yu, whose home is recently sprayed for no cost says, “I feel like it has strengthened our protection against the virus.” 

Researchers say that schools, Shopping malls, and many sports facilities are using this antiviral coating in Hong Kong.

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It costs £2,050-£5,130 to spray a school building depending on its size. Germanic, a unit of the university’s industrial partner, Chiaphua Industries Ltd has planned to introduce 50 ml and 200 ml versions for domestic use with costs going from £70-£25.

There is a need to know how long the virus can survive in the air in normal conditions. Researchers say that if most frequently used public surfaces are disinfected, the spread of COVID-19 can be prevented.




CDC Announced New Coronavirus Symptoms

More than 200000 individuals have died of COVID-19 around the globe while more than 2.89 million people are diagnosed with COVID-19. Researchers believe that coronavirus infected patients are increasing day by day due to the shortage of medical care equipment and several unreported cases.

Currently, the United States is the worst affected country of COVID-19 with more than 0.9 million diagnosed cases, and more than fifty thousand deaths.

Previously the main symptoms of COVID-19 reported by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) were fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and recently six new symptoms of COVID-19 are announced by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These six symptoms are muscle pain, sore throat, a loss of taste or smell, headache, chills and repeated shaking with chills.

CDC Director Tom Frieden says,

“We’re doing everything possible with the hospital, local, and state health officials to find people who may have had contact with this person so they can be evaluated as appropriate. This case reminds us that we are all connected by the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the water we drink. We can break the chain of transmission in this case through focused efforts here and abroad.”

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Researchers tell that coronavirus patients can encounter several issues from mild symptoms to severe illness. The symptoms mentioned above appear after fourteen days of virus exposure. Patients might be most infectious before the appearance of symptoms in them.

The UK’s chief scientific adviser, Sir Patrick Vallance says, “There’s quite a lot of transmission very early in the disease when there are very mild symptoms.”

The extended CDC list is critical. The patients must have symptoms of COVID-19 before they tested. The CDC suggests emergency warning signs when people should seek immediate medical attention including difficulty in breathing, bluish lips or face or a new “confusion or inability to arouse,” persistent pain or pressure on the chest, and other symptoms that are associated with COVID-19.

As COVID-19 has fixed its grasp on the world in the previous three months, clinical understanding of the viral infection has progressed. The World Health Organization and CDC initially encouraged the public to be keeping watch for fever, dry cough, and breathing challenges.

Then some strange symptoms were reported in the patients that are losing the sense of smell and taste and appearance of purple or blue lesions on the feet and toes of patients most commonly in young adults and children named “COVID toes.” Also, there were infrequent cases of gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea.

Even though specialists can’t pinpoint the condition, some guessed that it could be a clotting of blood vessels or a thrombotic disorder known as purpura fulminans or excess inflammation.

A few specialists reported that the infection may trigger abrupt strokes in people in their 30s and 40s, which could be an aftereffect of blood clotting issues.

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A neurosurgeon at Mount Sinai Health System in New York, Dr. Thomas Oxley says,

“The virus seems to be causing increased clotting in the large arteries, leading to severe stroke,” 

He further said,

“Our report shows a sevenfold increase in the incidence of a sudden stroke in young patients during the past two weeks. Most of these patients have no past medical history and were at home with either mild symptoms (or in two cases, no symptoms) of COVID.” 

CDC recommends people to seek medical attention immediately if they ill with the COVID-19 symptoms and they think they have been infected with the virus. Also, people should monitor the symptoms carefully either these are the symptoms of COVID-19 or any other respiratory disease.


The Disinfectant Company “Lysol” Urges Users not to Inject it to Prevent Coronavirus

The makers of Dettol and Lysol have requested people not to drink or inject the disinfectants to treat COVID-19 after a statement from President Donald Trump released. In the statement, he suggested researchers check whether a disinfectant can be injected into people to treat COVID-19 or not.

Reckitt Benckiser says,

“As a global leader in health and hygiene products, we must be clear that under no circumstance should our disinfectant products be administered into the human body (through injection, ingestion or any other route),”

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 The White House blamed the media for distorting Trump’s remark. White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany says that media has run the President Trump statements with negative headlines, “President Trump has repeatedly said that Americans should consult with medical doctors regarding coronavirus treatment, a point that he emphasized again during yesterday’s briefing.”

William Bryan, who leads the Science and Technology Directorate at the Department of Homeland Security said that scientists are testing the effect of disinfectants on the virus in the laboratory and they can execute the virus rapidly.

Previous researches provide no evidence about the effect of high humidity and warm temperature in decreasing the spread of the virus.

Bryan says that when a virus receives a warm environment, it cant stay alive there and sunlight has a powerful effect to kill the virus from both the surfaces and air. A new study from U.S. researchers supports this evidence that is not made public yet. A biocontainment lab in Maryland is working on the virus for three months.

Media questioned President Trump whether going outside in the heat is safe for people, taking into account several people who died in Florida.

President Trump answered,

“I hope people enjoy the sun. And if it has an impact, that’s great,” Trump replied, adding, “It’s just a suggestion from a brilliant lab by a very, very smart, perhaps brilliant man. I’m here to present ideas because we want ideas to get rid of this thing. And if heat is good, and if sunlight is good, that’s a great thing as far as I’m concerned,” the president said.

Bryan stressed that people shouldn’t think that summer months can eliminate the virus and social distancing rules can be lifted. And says,

“It would be irresponsible for us to say that we feel that the summer is just going to kill the virus and then if it’s a free-for-all and that people ignore those guides,”

Researchers gathered by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine investigated studies done until now to test infection survival under various research center conditions. Also tracking where and how COVID-19 has spread up until now.

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Many countries in summer atmospheres like Iran and Australia are encountering rapid infection spread and a decrease in cases with high humidity and temperature somewhere should not be assumed.

The emergencies chief of the World Health Organization’s, Dr. Michael Ryan said,

“We have to assume that the virus will continue to have the capacity to spread, and it’s a false hope to say yes, it will just disappear in the summertime like influenza.”

Researchers noticed that during past ten influenza pandemics regardless of the season in which they started, all had a pinnacle second wave around a half year after the infection first emerged

If humidity and temperature affect the transmission of the virus, it may not be as evident as other respiratory infections for which there is probably some preexisting partial immunity.





U.S Researcher Claims that Sunlight can Kill Coronavirus

A researcher from the U.S claims that coronavirus dies faster when it is exposed to sunlight through a study that is not yet made public and awaits external evaluation. The science and technology adviser to the Department of Homeland Security secretary, William Bryan says that, “The virus dies quickest in the presence of direct sunlight.”

Researchers say that ultraviolet rays potently affect the pathogen and hope that the coronavirus may ease over summer. The most striking perception of the researchers until now is the strong effect of sunlight that seems to have on killing the virus.

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Bryan says that they have also seen a comparable impact with both temperature and humidity, where increasing the humidity and temperature or both are commonly less good for the viral infection.

But it is hard for researchers to remark on how powerful its methodology was because the paper itself is not published yet.

It has been realized that ultraviolet light has a disinfecting effect because the radiation harms the genetic material of the virus and its capacity to duplicate. But also in some warm countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore, COVID-19 is proven lethal. Coronavirus is not heat-resistant and a rise in temperature kills it. But a question arises,  what the intensity and wavelength of UV light kill the COVID-19.

The chair of biological sciences at Texas A&M University-Texarkana, Benjamin Neuman says, 

“It would be good to know how the test was done, and how the results were measured. Not that it would be done badly, just that there are several different ways to count viruses, depending on what aspect you are interested in studying.”

Bryan has also shared significant findings of the trial that was done at the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center in Maryland.

It indicates that the half-life of the virus is the time taken for it to reduce to a large portion of its sum that was18 hours when the temperature was 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 21 to 24 degrees Celsius with 20 % humidity on a non-permeable surface.

However, when humidity rose to eighty percent, the half-life dropped to six hours and when the humidity was higher in the presence of solar light, the half-life was reduced to two minutes.

 At the point when the viral infection was aerosolized, the half-life was reduced to one hour and the temperature was 70 to 75 degrees with 20 % humidity. While dropped to only one and a half minutes in the presence of sunlight.

Bryan concluded that summer months “will create an environment (where) transmission can be decreased.”

The warm temperature can kill a virus because viruses can’t live alive in hotter surfaces and degraded when a warm environment is provided to them.

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Also, Bryan warned that it is irresponsible behavior to think that summer-like conditions can eliminate the virus and social distancing rules will be lifted. And says,

“It would be irresponsible for us to say that we feel that the summer is just going to totally kill the virus and then if it’s a free-for-all and that people ignore those guides,”

Harris says, “I’m sorry but we cannot hope that summer is going to have the effect that many people hope it will,”

Previous researches provide no reliable evidence about the effect of higher humidity and warmer temperature in decreasing the spread of the virus. US health authorities are sure that if COVID-19 cases decrease in summer months, these will increase again in the winter season.