How Human Body Naturally Heals the Emotional Pain?

A new study published in the journal the Nature Chemical Biology finds that the endogenous compound anandamide performs a role in erasing reminiscences of the traumatic event and it naturally modulates the emotional pain. This study is done by an international team led by Leiden chemist Mario van der Stelt, might be a starting point for the treatment of anxiety disorders like PTSD.

The research started five years before when the first author of the study, Elliot Mock and Anouk van der Gracht figured out how to isolate the protein NAPE-PLD that is responsible for the production of anandamide in the brain. The subsequent step was to locate a compound that prevents this protein from working, the thought was that repressing the production of anandamide would permit them to study the biological role of anandamide.

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Seeing such a substance turned out as no mean accomplishment. Van der Stelt went to the European Lead Factory in Oss, the Netherlands, which was co-founded by his examination group seven years before and had practical experience in the quick screening of a huge number of substances. He originally needed to make sure about EU approval before a completely automated system could begin scanning for the compound that represses the protein.

When individuals feel emotional pain, the similar areas of the brain get activated as the anterior cingulate cortex and the anterior insula gets activated when individuals feel physical pain. A study shows that these regions were activated when individuals encountered social rejection from peers. While in 2011 study the same regions were activated when individuals’ relationship with their romantic partners was broken.

Van der Stelt said that this included more than 0.3 million mini reactions each with an alternate substance. It took only three days to screen these substances that seem very impressive.

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At the end of the screening, the researchers developed a promising molecule that blocks the anandamide’s production but Van der Stelt tells that this molecule wasn’t ready at that point. So Elliot started working on it. Mock optimized it, and along with various students, went through two years synthesizing more than a hundred analogs, molecules that vary slightly from one another. One of these, in the end, revealed the role of anandamide in the body.

All feelings have a motor component. Regardless of whether a person attempts to hide emotions, there will be muscular activation. The foremost cingulate is located right next to the premotor area, which starts the process of emotional expression formation in the body. The premotor area associates with the motor cortex above it, and afterward back to the particular muscles of expression.

Van der Stelt tells that they began working with Roche Pharmaceuticals to analyze whether the brain received this optimized molecule, an essential condition. Roche confirmed that it reached the brain, the researchers named it LEI-401. Next, they started working with the researchers from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States to investigate whether this substance truly works in the brain. “That also turned out to be the case.”

Following three years, the way was at last open to answer the burning question about the physiological role of anandamide. This time, Van der Stelt approach partners in the United States and Canada to research the physiological impacts of reduced anandamide levels in the cerebrum. The researchers found that anandamide is involved in healing emotional pain; anxiety and stress.

Van der Stelt’s exploration opens the route for new strategies to treat anxiety disorders like PTSD. It is the beginning stage for the advancement of new drugs. As they have now indicated that anandamide is responsible for relieving emotional pain, pharmaceutical organizations can concentrate on a new target.



False Coronavirus Claims- FDA Takes Action Against a Hand Sanitizer Company

Ever since the coronavirus outbreak has started, many companies are manufacturing hand sanitizers, masks, and PPE of medical-grade to overcome their shortage. Recently, a hand sanitizer company, Durisan claimed its product is 100% effective against coronavirus. However, it was reported that it is not according to the standards of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Hand sanitizers with an alcohol content of 60 percent or more are recommended by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to be used for protection against the coronavirus while the Durisan hand sanitizer is alcohol-free.

The FDA has taken action against the company for their false claims. The authority has ordered Durisan to halt the selling of their hand sanitizer which the FDA has mentioned in its warning letter to be non-approved, non-certified, and ineffective against COVID-19.

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In his news conference held in March, Governor Ron DeSantis promoted the use of this specific hand sanitizer while saying that he keeps the sanitizer with him.

During his conference, he also said that the hand sanitizer is a good product while he does not know about Durisan, the hand sanitizer company. This product was available on Amazon because people don’t know about it.

After the warning issued to Durisan by the FDA, the spokesperson of the governor said that Governor DeSantis follows the preventive measures suggested by the CDC and uses FDA approved alcohol-based hand sanitizers. The DeSantis administration follows the CDC and FDA guidelines for prevention against the coronavirus. However, hand washing for 20 seconds with a hand wash and water is the best method of prevention.

Durisan has also claimed that its hand sanitizer is effective for up to 24 hours against disease-causing germs by killing 99.9% pathogens. The FDA has mentioned this claim to be misleading for the public and harmful for human health in the warning letter issued to the company.

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On May 7, 2020, Durisan was given 48 hours by the FDA to take immediate action.

After reviewing the warning letter, Durisan issued a statement saying that the company has removed the segment regarding the hand sanitizer from their website as well as the social media as ordered by the FDA. The company is responsible for conveying the facts to the public and always support their customers.

The company also stated that all their previous product labels have been approved by the FDA and according to the labeling guidelines. Their products are external labs tested and manufactured per the EPA testing and observe all the FDA rules and regulations for the production of their products.

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The company spokesperson also said that there is no hand sanitizer or any other sanitation product available which is known to effectively kill the coronavirus.

The FDA is actively sending warning letters to companies selling products under the false claims of preventing and even curing COVID-19. The high demand for the sanitation products in the market and disappearing of hand sanitizers from the shelves has led many hand sanitizers companies to avail of this opportunity and manufacture ineffective products with deceitful labels that will draw the attention of the consumers.

HIV Cases Might Increase During the Coronavirus Lockdown (Warning)

Many parts of the world are currently following a partial or complete lockdown to control coronavirus spread. But the health experts have warned that such preventive measures might increase the risk of another deadly disease, HIV.

Travis Sanchez who is an epidemiologist at Emory University has worked on this subject and concluded that HIV is a big health risk during this time when people are at home. He conducted an online survey with 1000 participants who characterize themselves as gays. Nearly half of them added that their sexual partners have been reduced during this coronavirus lockdown period. They also reported that finding the new partners through hook-up apps was also reduced during this time.

It looks like a good thing, he says. Ideally, it means that the risk of HIV is reduced but in reality, the situation is opposite to this.

The coronavirus lockdown, which at one side has reduced the random sexual partners in gay men has also reduced the STDs testing facilities as thousands of testing clinics and medical centers are unable to provide these services for now. Sanchez warns that it means that a person is unable to get himself checked during this time. So even if he has a sexually transmitted disease like HIV, he would never know it.

Also read- Study Answers Why People with Diabetes have Weak Bones

He said that there are high chances that people will be already infected even before they get complete access to the testing services and medical facilities. It would increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases’ transmission, especially HIV.

It is probably too early to tell if this HIV transmission during the coronavirus lockdown has any risky outcomes or not before next year. The U.S Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) has published the new stats report for the year 2020. But many healthcare experts warn that the US’s goal of 75% reducing the sexually transmitted infections by the end of 2025.

The city Washington DC has already been hit by the HIV badly. The Whitman-Walker clinic one of the top testing centers for this virus and many other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) i.e. syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, has been stopped.

Nearly 50 people come here daily to get these tests done and for many of them have signed up for a routine checkup that is to be carried out once every three months.

Amanda Carya practicing nurse, says that all these people are now living without being tested. The clinic is currently taking only the ‘symptomatic’ patients and that too via appointment. That is why it is normal to expect a high increase in the cases of sexually transmitted infections mainly HIV.

The CDC says that previously it was expecting to see a drop in HIV cases as a limited number of STD’s are being diagnosed. But considering this lockdown and uncertainty of its duration; it is hard to say that STDs would be controlled. Without testing the people again, it can’t be stated whether or not HIV cases are decreasing or not.

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For HIV tests, the availability of testing is necessary before starting the treatment. Only this way the risk of this disease could be reduced, overall.

Dr. Matthew Spinelli from San Francisco shares his concerns over the homeless people and those who can’t, otherwise take tele-visits are completely unable to seek healthcare advice during this coronavirus lockdown.

This current pandemic has taught all governments to upgrade their healthcare units and medical facilities by showing systemic flaws. But in a way, it is bringing a positive change as health experts are now considering the prevention strategies and alternate strategies in case of another pandemic.




Study Answers Why People with Diabetes have Weak Bones

A person with Type 2 diabetes is multiple times more prone to injure a bone than a nondiabetic person. Since the number of individuals with diabetes is increasing quickly in the United States, skeletal fragility in patients with Type 2 diabetes is developing. Despite being still little-known, it is a big public health issue.

Bones are living organs that give structure and protection to the body. Platelets are produced in a living space in bones known as bone marrow and give a consistent supply of minerals including phosphorus and calcium.

Whenever bones are injured, they can fix themselves all alone or with medical intervention. Bones are in a continuous condition of repairing through a process known as remodeling. The risk of bone fractures is higher in people with diabetes particularly in those who take insulin.

The body routinely fixes the micro-fractures that are caused by physical activities. In the healing process of bones, the proteins and minerals are broken down in worn-out regions and are replaced with healthy new proteins.

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These new proteins are comprised of amino acids, which normally respond with sugars in the body. Consider how a cut apple progressively browns when exposed to air. The synthetic response between amino acids and sugar inside the body is comparable. Called non-enzymatic glycation, this process happens in tissues all through the body, including in bone. 

Non-enzymatic glycation has a browning impact on proteins much the same as an apple would turn brown, creates tiny chemical bridges known as crosslinks. Crosslinks develop in everybody because sugars are present in their bodies. These sugars form naturally, the formation of non-enzymatic cross-links are not good for anyone because they weaken bones by making them more brittle.

The body can easily ménage these crosslinks by breaking them and getting rid of them. But in individuals with Type 2 diabetes, two troubling factors are identified.

The first troubling factor is the presence of sugar in excess in their body. Because sugar is the fuel that participates in the formation of crosslinks. And in diabetic people, there are more crosslinks in bone than normal and healthy individuals. The researchers think that might be the accumulation of these crosslinks is a reason behind more fragile bones in people with Type-2 diabetes.

The subsequent factor is that individuals with Type 2 diabetes have a low level of bone remodeling, which implies their capacity to wipe out crosslinks is decreased. Researchers say this contributes further to the high number of crosslinks in the diabetic bone.

In diabetic patients, crosslinks contribute to complications like kidney damage, vascular damage, and poor eye health.

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Researchers found that the hard, thick bone that frames the external shell of bones would, in general, have more crosslinks and more vulnerable mechanical properties in diabetics than in nondiabetics.

They are additionally reenacting high sugar levels in cadaver bone. Even though dead body bone is no longer living but the protein structure is still unblemished. When they incubated these bone samples in sugar solutions, the crosslinks produced due to the reaction between the sugars and the amino acids present in the proteins of cadaver bone.

The researchers are currently working to quantify various kinds of crosslinks to know how fractures might occur in patients. Moreover, they are testing various compounds that may break down bone crosslinks and prevent them from forming in any case. Researchers hope that their work will contribute to several treatments in the future and better medical considerations for people with diabetes.


Survey Finds Women Are Not Aware of Cervical Cancer Risks

The Public Health & Social Work researchers from Robert Stempel College surveyed undergraduate female students. They found that most of them were unaware of the risk factors of cervical cancer and they had not had a Pap smear.

Pap smear is also known as a Pap test that is a screening test for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of cancerous or precancerous on the cervix.

An associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology, Nasar U. Ahmed, an assistant professor in the Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Patria Rojas, and a doctoral candidate in the Department of Epidemiology, Abraham Degarege Mengist investigated more than hundred students of FIU. They examined the connection between the students’ adherence to Pap smear guidelines and their knowledge about cervical cancer.

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More than sixty percent of them hadn’t annual checkups within a year and the remaining students had never received a Pap test. The reasons for being not tested and annual checkups were fear and lack of interest.

This study is published in the Journal of the National Medical Association and is available online to study.

The recent findings show that college students would be more likely to seek and acquire cervical cancer screenings because of their higher literacy with regards to health and their insight into risky sexual behaviors.

Cervical cancer begins in the cervix that is an opening of the uterus, a hollow cylinder that connects the lower part of the uterus of women to the vagina. Most cervical cancers start in the cells that are present on the surface of the cervix.

The researchers found that the students who were aware that multiple sexual partners were a risk factor for cervical cancer had higher chances of accepting a Pap test than the individuals who didn’t know that multiple sexual partners were a risk factor of cervical cancer.

Patria Rojas tells that “This study highlights the fact that there is a loss of screening opportunities during regular medical visits to follow CDC guidelines and gynecological care.” 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that at one time, cervical cancer was the main cause of women death in the United States. Those numbers have seen a consistent decrease in the previous forty years because of regular Pap test screenings, which can identify precancerous cells before they transform into a malignant growth.

The American Cancer Society reports that more than eleven thousand women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer and more than thirty-five hundred will die of it in the United States.

Before the invention of the Pap test, cervical cancer was the leading cause of women death in the United States. The invention of the Pap test helped to save incalculable lives and it is currently the twelfth deadliest cancer among women.

An associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology, and the principal investigator of the study, Nasar U. Ahmed tells that cervical cancer includes in the most preventable tumors and knowledge is the way into its prevention.

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Screening for this malignant growth is done during an annual checkup that a larger part of these students didn’t get, and the vast majority of the surveyed students didn’t know they could get a Pap test through the Student Health Services of the university.

Nasar U. Ahmed concluded that cervical cancer and several women’s lives can be prevented with knowledge and simple practice of a regular visit of a doctor. 




UVC lamps can help fighting against the Coronavirus pandemic

The researches are coming up with innovative ideas to fight the deadly COVID-19 and eventually end this coronavirus pandemic. Research teams from various countries are looking for new technologies to fight the virus in an easier and practical way. In the meantime, the efforts of Columbia University researchers from the past few years can prove fruitful to confront this challenge by using ultraviolet lamps.

The initial findings of this research have been submitted to Nature.

UVC lamps use Ultraviolet-C light and it has been previously used for sanitation purposes in the food industry and hospitals to keep the environment clean from fungi, viruses, and bacteria.

The Ultraviolet-C rays are not generally safe to use in the presence of humans as it is linked to causing skin and eye diseases.

However, the Chinese subway system has used this technology during the night time when the trains are not operational which the New York subway system is also following to decontaminate the trains.

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Researchers at the Center for Radiological Research in Columbia are analyzing short-wavelength UVC rays known as far UVC of 222 nanometers which target viruses but it is harmless for humans. The director of the center, David Brenner said that the UVC rays at this particular wavelength cannot pass through the barrier of skin and eyes so it is safe to use.

Hence, UVC lamps can be effectively used to control the virus in crowded public areas with closed spaces where the risk of spread of the virus is high.

US President Donald Trump gave a baffling statement in the last month which seemed to be influenced by the research conducted by the federal department. He mentioned the use of UV rays to penetrate the body and eliminate the virus, while the federal research is regarding the use of natural light which does not have UVC rays hence, not effective against the coronavirus.

The Columbian team of researchers started studying the effect of far UVC on antibiotic-resistant bacteria in 2013. It was then used against other viruses including the influenza virus and now it is being tested against the novel coronavirus.

The research started not more than a month ago and the results show that it is proven to kill the virus in a few minutes. The research was started in a high-level biosafety lab as the coronavirus is highly contagious.

The experiment was successful against viruses present on surfaces and it will be further conducted against viruses present in the air due to the coughing of an infected person. An experiment is also conducted side by side to see the effect of far UVC on humans.

Lab mice and rodents have been exposed to 20 times more intense rays as compared to humans for 40 weeks for five days weekly and 8 hours daily. The experiment has been successful so far and it will be conducted for another 20 weeks.

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Although the research has not been completed yet, the industries have already started bulk production of ultraviolet lamps under the pressure of the global economy which is already falling apart.

UVC lamps have already been used to identify real gems by the diamond industry at a commercial level for the past couple of years.

Due to the pandemic, the FDA has eased the rules and regulations for the production of disinfecting equipment and substances. Japanese manufacturer Shinji Kameda, chief operations officer in the US for Ushio said that there will be a high demand for the commercial production of UVC lamps to be used in public areas including hotels, restaurants, schools, and airplanes.

The UVC lamps are already in use in some hospitals in Japan and the production will be increased by October. Currently, the cost of these 222-nanometer lamps is from $500 to $800.

Brenner said that the COVID-19 pandemic could have been controlled if the research on far UVC lamps was started a couple of years ago.

The scientists are desperately looking for tools and methods to control the coronavirus pandemic and reduce the risk of infection in public spaces.




Vitamin K improves Bone Health in Adults

Vitamin K plays an important role in blood clotting, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and osteoporosis. But here a question arises, whether it is essential for health or not? The answer is yes it is because the deficiency of vitamin k appears to have a negative effect on overall health, especially bone health.

Vitamin K is a group of a compound and most important of these compounds are vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is obtained from leafy green and some vegetables while vitamin K2 is obtained from cheeses, eggs, meats, and synthesized by bacteria. The proteins that are involved in the mineralization and bone formation are activated by vitamin k.

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Scientists Kyla Shea of the Vitamin K Laboratory at the USDA’s Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (HNRCA) at Tufts University and Chris Hernandez of Cornell University’s Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering tell that vitamin k produced by specific bacteria that colonize the gut could support bones too. 

2013 study shows that the risk of bone loss is reduced in a healthy woman who had been through menopause by taking 180 mcg of vitamin k daily.

Hernandez contacted to collaborate with the Vitamin K Laboratory that is headed by HNRCA Director Sarah Booth, after observing a decrease in bone strength but unaltered bone density in mice whose gut microbiome was modified. Hernandez found that vitamin K had frequently been related to fracture risk, however not bone density.

 The research was published three years before in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

In this research, Hernandez said that the perfect place to study this inquiry is the HNRCA. It is a fact that it has the world’s best experts in the biochemistry of vitamin k, but it additionally has unique facilities that make it possible to control the type of vitamin that is included here and to screen the process.

Women, who not even consume 109 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin K per day were more likely to get bone fracture while the risk of hip fracture is higher in women if the vitamin k intake is lower.

Shea said that a large portion of the vitamin K in the eating routine comes from green vegetables, yet the gut microscopic organisms synthesize an alternate type of it. It’s this type of vitamin K that could be influencing bone strength, although the specific mechanism is yet to be determined.

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Shea said, “Many clinical trials with vitamin K measure bone mineral density outcomes, but there may be links with bone strength independent of density. What kind of links might these be? Vitamin K is an enzymatic cofactor that’s required for certain proteins to function. One of these, osteocalcin, is the predominant non-collagenous protein in bone.”

Hernandez tells that Osteocalcin structures a soft and string-like material inside the mineralized portion of the bone and makes the whole bone matrix less brittle. Also, there are a number of treatments for osteoporosis focus on improving bone mineral density, but there are not a lot of approaches to improve bone matrix quality.

“What if we could change the gut microbiome so it makes more vitamin K, which could give people those benefits without having to eat more kale or take a regular vitamin supplement?”

The most recent outcomes of Hernandez and Shea are published in the journal BONE. Both are looking for a grant from the National Institutes of Health to research to confirm the role of vitamin k for bone changes in mice with the modified microbiome.


How Diet Affects the Risk of Esophageal Cancer?

Researchers state that generally, twenty percent of all cancers in the United States are due to physical inactivity, poor nutrition, excessive consumption of alcohol, and excess weight.

The eighth most common cancer around the globe is esophageal cancer (EC). There are two common subtypes of esophageal cancer (EC) that are adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Some risk factors are associated with esophageal cancer (EC), including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), smoking, Barrett’s esophagus, and alcohol consumption.

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2013-2017 data shows that the rate of new esophageal cancer cases was 4.3 per 0.1 million men and women per year while the death rate was 3.9 per 0.1 million men and women per year. And in 2017, more than forty thousand people were living with esophageal cancer in the United States.

A Mediterranean diet and normally healthy eating except some specific foods or nutrients decrease the risk of esophageal cancers especially esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

2013 study shows that although diet has been related to diseases of the stomach and esophagus hardly few investigations have addressed the association of diet with these diseases. Too much intake of alcohol increases the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) but not of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) or gastric cancer.

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The fruits and vegetable consumption is inversely correlated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), however, the evidence is weak for gastric cancer and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Salt and salted foods are recorded as gastric cancer-causing agents, yet there is little convincing proof regarding a role for other dietary items.

National Cancer Institute reports that a healthy diet and regular exercise might help to prevent some types of cancer. If a person avoids risk factors of the disease and increases protective factors then the chances to develop the disease are less while it doesn’t mean, he won’t get the disease. 

Shailja Shah and her colleagues conducted a review examination of the National Institutes of Health AARP Diet and Health Study cohort to estimate the association between dietary magnesium and calcium and the occurrence of esophageal cancer. 

The most risk factor for esophageal cancer is smoking. Smokers are more likely to get esophageal cancer than those who don’t smoke. The risk of esophageal cancer is much lower in children and young adults because the risk of developing cancer increases with age. Several risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are similar. Adenocarcinoma may also cause acid reflux, Barrett esophagus, or obesity.

Researchers reported in the British Journal of Cancer that more than a thousand individuals had esophageal cancer among more than 0.5 million respondents.

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They found that the risk of squamous cell carcinoma decreases with increased calcium intake while the risk of adenocarcinoma increases with increased magnesium intake.

Whenever confirmed especially through interventional modifications, these findings could illuminate dietary modifications that may help to prevent deadly cancers all around.

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that every year about fifteen thousand people in the united states are diagnosed with esophageal cancer. Research is needed to more readily comprehend the link between esophageal cancer and the environment, which may help to find other potential risk factors for this disease.

CDC finds that the risk of developing esophageal cancer can be reduced by keeping away from or changing behaviors that are known risk factors for the disease. Esophageal cancers can be prevented by limiting alcohol consumption, maintaining healthy body weight, and quitting smoke.




Is Seltzer Water a “Healthy Alternative” of Soda?

Many people think that carbonated water can’t hydrate them like regular water. They feel that the air bubbles in the carbonated water make it significantly less effective for combatting dehydration.

 Rahel Mathews, a registered dietitian nutritionist, tells that carbonated waters are being advanced as the low-calorie or zero-calorie alternative option to soda. The sales of sparkling water are increased by 13 percent in the past year.

She says that she gets this question every time whether carbonated water is a healthy alternative of soda. The answer to this question is not clear yet. She says might be it is good for you but definitely, it is better than soda.

Seltzer water is simply water mixed with pressurized carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide makes the air bubbles in water but adds acidity to the drinks too. Manufacturers infuse a huge number of these seltzers with the natural flavors. These are just chemicals extracted from animals or plants. The biggest difference between regular water and sparkling water are the bubbles.

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While soda is carbonated water in addition to a sweetener like high fructose corn syrup or cane sugar. A few soft drinks, specifically colas, additionally include phosphoric acid or citrus extract for flavor and to act as an additive just as caffeine.

Thirteen years before, analysts soaked teeth in seltzer water for half an hour and found that the seltzer started to disintegrate the enamel. This isn’t incredible if a person thinks to soak teeth in seltzer water or drink it throughout the day. Yet, specialists contrasted the erosive impacts of seltzer water with coffee, soda, diet cola, and energy drinks and found that seltzer is least harmful to teeth. 

While plain seltzer is superior to acidic soft drinks and coffee. Two years before, the researchers studied the risks of artificial flavors in water. They found that various added substances produce fluctuating levels of acidity, and like past examinations, that acidity caused some enamel erosion.

Both plain and flavored sparkling water could have impacts on your teeth after long exposures. The more distant you go from plain water, regardless of whether that is with carbonation or flavoring, the worse for your teeth. Specialists suggest that to drink bubbly water while eating food and abstain from gargling it around the mouth to keep away from the impacts of acidity on teeth.

Another general concern about seltzer water is that it may cause osteoporosis, a condition where bones get less thick and become fragile. The individuals who consistently drank colas are bound to have some bone loss as compared to the individuals who don’t.

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Also, the individuals consuming colas are additionally more averse to consume foods and beverages which helps to build bone. Individuals who drink seltzer water or other carbonated refreshments beside cola don’t have any of the bone density loss.

Recently, scientists have started to examine whether there are any potential health advantages of carbonated water, and there is some early but supportive evidence. Two examinations with older patients indicated that drinking seltzer water alleviates constipation and stomach pain better than tap water.

Rahel Mathews says that no evidence proves that sparkling water is not good for you, if you are bound to drink carbonated water, there isn’t sufficient proof to surrender it. If you drink a ton of it, the acidity may harm your teeth. However, if there is a choice between acidic soda, seltzer water, and sugary, always pick the seltzer.



A Healthy Diet and Regular Exercise Prevents Age-Related Disorders

Despite the popular opinion that old age brings disease, no matter what, it is possible to maintain good health by following standard guidelines. These guidelines include a healthy diet, particularly in regards to protein levels, regular check-ups, exercise, treatment of basic risk factors, and focusing on personal safety.

The risk of strokes and heart attack attacks is decreased with the treatment of high cholesterol and hypertension and by quitting smoking and controlling diabetes.

Nutrition is important in the whole life. The risk of poor nutrition increases with age because many problems like chronic diseases such as emphysema and heart failure, financial issues, social isolation, and inability to prepare foods can happen.

Regular physical exercises can help a person to maintain a healthy life and physical independence in older age. Physical activities that help to maintain good health are swimming, walking, resistive exercises, yoga, and Tai chi.

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Regular physical activities also a source to prevent people from many age-related disorders like Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cataracts, cancer, arthritis, atherosclerosis, and hypertension.

Peter Edholm in a research project at Örebro University has studied the effects of exercise, diet, and training on older women. The thesis results show a distinct connection between highly physical activity and good exercise habits in older women.

A healthy diet keeps a body strong, increases the energy level, and sharps the mind. So vegetables, fruits, whole grains, dairy products, and protein should be included in a regular diet.

A healthy diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids makes an older woman more strong and healthy. Peter Edholm’s research conclusively shows that exercise in middle age is linked to healthy and strong aging. It also keeps women away from many age-related disorders.

He explains, “That applies regardless of your exercising habits earlier in life, which supports the adage it’s never too late to start working out. This is the opposite of what usually is presented in the media today. Therefore, the focus should be on increasing the length of physical activity, such as brisk walks, rather than reducing the time that you’re sitting still,” explains Peter Edholm.

Women who are more active at a younger age have bigger muscle and higher physical capacity even in older age. The physical activity in earlier life also benefits people in their later life even if they become inactive in older age. The research also indicates the impacts of exercise on the women who are between the ages of fifty to sixty-five. People who exercise at this age, live a life without any health problem.

Peter Edholm’s research also shows that exercise, combined with a healthy diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, produces a more significant effect. Both in regards to explosive muscle strength, physical function, and the ability to build muscle mass.

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Good nutrition is necessary for a healthy life particularly in postmenopausal women, the bones lose mineral content as they are older. 

Postmenopausal women need to increase calcium and nutrient D intake to help prevent osteoporosis and many age-related disorders. Osteoporosis is a bone disease where the bone mineral thickness is decreased, leading to a high risk of bone fracture. Sufficient intake of calcium and nutrient D have been appeared to enormously reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis sometimes in older age.

In this research, he says that older women should do exercise two times a week. Excercise proves more beneficial with a healthy diet. So, both excercise and healthy diet are important in older age.