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More than 90% of Australians Cannot Differentiate Between a Viral and Bacterial infection (Report)

Image: The Conversation

The whole world is facing a global viral outbreak for the last five months and till the date, there are more than 250000 COVID-19 cases reported. Public health awareness matters whether or not there is a medical threat around; but what’s the reason that more than 90 percent of Australians can’t even differentiate between a viral and bacterial infection?

Dr. Paul De Barro is a Senior Principal Research Scientist and is the Research Director of the CSIRO Health & Biosecurity’s Risk Evaluation and Preparedness Program. He says that CSIRO carried a survey two months before to let everyone know their work on the OUTBREAK project, a multi-agency mission aimed at preventing outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections.

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The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is an Australian federal government agency responsible for scientific research. This organization works with leading organizations around the globe.

CSIRO reports that more than two thousand individuals highlight a lack of knowledge about viral and bacterial infections. It informs that 13 percent of Australians wrongly trust that a viral disease, COVID-19 can be treated by using antibiotics that treat bacterial infections.

More than 33 percent of respondents thought that antibiotics would fix their seasonal influenza or an irritated throat while 15 percent thought antibiotics were effective against diarrhea or chickenpox. While antibiotics are medications that destroy the growth of bacteria.

While 25 percent of them were unaware of antibiotic resistance and 14 percent conceded that antibiotics didn’t treat an infection.

The outcomes are deeply stressing because individuals who don’t know how antibiotics work or for which purpose antibiotics are taken are more likely to overuse or misuses them. This thusly fills the ascent of drug resistance bacteria also called “superbugs” and risky infections.

While COVID-19 has pushed the economy to the edge of total collapse, superbugs pose financial difficulties as well. Australian medical clinics have already spent more than A$11 million a year treating only two of the most compromising, drug resistance infections, methicillin-resistant MRSA and ceftriaxone-resistant E. coli. 

People will die from sepsis because of the unavailability of effective antibiotics, and the people will sicker for longer, reducing the size of profitability and workforce. The drug-resistant bacteria are figure to cost the country at least A$283 billion and more deaths than cancer by 2025.

One pivotal approach to stop this is to improve public knowledge of the value of antibiotics. It is hard to replace the antibiotics that lose their adequacy so they should be treated with deference.

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They don’t know the full effect of drug-resistant bacteria in Australia. With about 75 percent of rising infectious diseases originating from animals, there is no time to squander in getting a better understanding of superbugs among people, animals, and the earth. That is the place the OUTBREAK  project comes in.

The University of Technology Sydney analyzes an enormous measure of human, environmental, and animal data by using artificial intelligence, making a nationwide system that can anticipate antibiotic-resistant infections in actual time. It maps and models reactions and gives significant data to specialists, committees, ranchers, vets, water authorities, and other stakeholders.

OUTBREAK offers Australia a chance to jump on the front foot against drug-resistance bacteria. This opportunity to Australia will help to save a huge number of lives and billions of dollars could even be scaled worldwide.

They suggest Australians not to use antibiotics unnecessarily. Australians need to know the difference between viral and bacterial infections. Without antibiotics, people may end up confronting a large group of new severe diseases, even as the world is facing COVID-19.

 

 

About the author

Fariha Munir

Fariha is a Microbiology graduate and working as a freelance content writer. Her major areas of interest are nutrition, diseases, research, and medical diagnostic technologies.

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