Credits: Healthline

Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) in Diabetic Patients has Declined in Last 20 Years

A new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism finds that the risk of cardiovascular diseases; heart attack and stroke has decreased in the previous 20 years, narrowing the gap between the cardiovascular mortality rates in the diabetic people as well as in the people without diabetes.

The International Diabetes Federation reported that more than 400 million individuals have diabetes in the whole world. Also, the World Health Organization (WHO) found that the risk of cardiovascular diseases; heart attack and stroke is more in diabetic patients as compared to those who do not have the condition.

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The senior author, Timothy M.E. Davis, F.R.A.C.P, of the University of Western Australia and Fremantle Hospital in Fremantle, Australia tells that in this study, the researchers have found that the risk of cardiovascular diseases is declined in the diabetic people in last 20 years. While they have seen enhancements in cardiovascular disease results in the general population during a similar timespan, the gains in people with diabetes outpaced everybody during that timeframe.

The World Health Organization defines cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), a group of disorders of the blood vessels and heart and they include rheumatic heart disease, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and peripheral arterial disease.

Study in detail here.

Strokes and heart attacks are generally acute events that are caused by a blockage that prevents blood flow to the heart or brain. Strokes can also happen due to bleeding from blood clots or a brain blood vessel. The causes of cardiovascular diseases; stroke and heart are usually due to several combinations of risk factors including physical inactivity, diabetes, harmful use of alcohol, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, tobacco use, and obesity.

The data is analyzed by the researchers from two phases of 15 years separated, the Fremantle Diabetes Study. The first phase of the study was from 1993 to 2001 while the second phase of the study was from 2008 to 2016. The researchers compared the data of both phases. 

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In the first phase, they took the data of more than one thousand diabetic people and compared the outcomes with more than five thousand individuals without the condition. Similarly, in the second phase, they took the data of more than five thousand diabetic people and compared outcomes with the data of more than six thousand people without the condition.

In this study, the database is used from the death records and hospital records for Western Australia to know the cardiovascular complications and the deaths among the participants of the study.

study shows that circulatory disorders related to diabetes are peripheral arterial disease, coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiomyopathy, stroke, and congestive heart failure. Diabetes usually results in early death from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

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In the second phase of Fremantle Diabetes Study’s, the diabetic people were less likely to experience a cardiovascular disease; heart attack or stroke, be hospitalized for a lower limit amputation, or be hospitalized for heart attack than their counterparts in the primary

Devis tells that outlook for individuals with diabetes is significantly improving in the developed nations. The researchers stay worried that the death rate from all causes among individuals with diabetes is worse than everyone. The trend shows despite everything, researchers need to monitor conditions like dementia and cancer that may turn into an issue for individuals with diabetes further down the road.